春季奥地利+瑞士+德国21天11城自由行攻略Poetry&Distance

2019-05-26
太谷榴莲
阅读 3.1千
出发时间4月
行程天数21天
人均花费2.2万
和谁出行夫妻

4月自北京出行,Austria 2城4晚,Swiss 3城4晚,Germany 6城12晚

2人行,支出人均¥1k/day

乘RussianAir,来回经Moscow转机

2018年12月订机票,2019年1月订酒店及行程。

由于从Austria进入申根国家,故赴Austria在北京的签证中心,网上开始查到的地址(工体北路13号院)实际上是错的。幸亏给签证中心打了一个电话,才知道地址变更了(朝阳区东三环北路甲26号高和萃大厦3层)。

第一次签证中心工作人员说:酒店的订单要全文打印,不能摘要。第二次说:申根签证的申请,不是以首次入境国家为准,而是看整个行程中,在哪个国家的住宿天数最多(若2个国家天数相等,则在先到国家申请)的国家申请签证。由于我的行程是Germany天数最多,则要在德国申请签证。

网上查了半天,德国在北京的大使馆找不到网上申请的网址。看到的是中智签证(北京)受理中心。开始以为是家中介机构,但后来发现,这就是“签证中心”。实际上,可能只有美国是大使馆直接受理签证申请,其它国家都是通过签证中心受理申请。由于之前办过UK, Italy, Australia, Spain, New Zealand的签证,想当然的以为直接去签证中心即可,可是Germany, France的这家签证中心需要网上先预约时间。第三次申请就白跑了。

第四次再到签证中心,周四递交,只经过了周五1个工作日,下周一我就收到手机短信,可以领取护照了。规定签证申批的时间是15个工作日。如果选择快递护照,费用是¥60/本。签证费¥475+中介费¥200。

D1: 4-5 Friday April,北京T2航站楼12:40起飞

《出行》#1:清明俄航上九霄,乐都圣地万里遥,Strauss Mozart,圆舞交响拜前朝

15:40到达莫斯科机场,16:45起飞,

Moscow航站楼里,标识文字:Russian, English, 中文,包括进出港指示版的文字也有中文显示

Moscow 航站楼很新,比Vienna(Wien), Berlin的机场好,与北京T3水平相当

The territory of Austria covers 83,879 square kilometres. Austria's terrain is highly mountainous, lying within the Alps; only 32% of the country is below 500 metres, and its highest point is 3,798 metres. The majority of the population speak local Bavarian dialects of German as their native language, and Austrian German in its standard form is the country's official language. Other local official languages are Hungarian, Burgenland Croatian, and Slovene.

18:30到达vienna

行李都走完了,也没看见我们的箱子,只能到行李到查询处报失,留下酒店地址。第二天行李送到了Wien的酒店。

机场乘城铁EU8.4二人票,无人售票机,刷信用卡visa/mastercard,无人检票,也无提示。问一男人,上车后,要转车。到Vienna central station(德语HBF是中心车站。由于每个城市不止一个火车站,故选择酒店时,全部在HBF为准,保证酒店位置与火车站不远,也避免下错车站)。

入住酒店。房间还不错。选择的标准:离火车站近,价格在eu100/day左右。

楼道里有咖啡、茶、奶粉、开水、纸杯,不限量供应

酒店窗外能看到Wien HBF

到超市21:00买eu15食品,用于早餐。

上网购买美泉宫套票sisi ticket eu34*2p=eu68。上网买belvedere美景宫票时,要国内手机短信密码,不能支付。后来发现,不买也对了,没必要进楼里参观了。

另外有二维码,扫码入殿

D2, 4-6 Saturday April,Wien(Vienna) 参加美泉(香布隆)宫SchonrunnPalace,及老城区

城市有轨电车,售票处在小卖部里,站台里不一定有自动售票机,也没有人工售票处。售出的车票没有时间。站台里没有检票口的闸门,也没有人工检票。车上没有售票员,只有司机(不负责售票),上车将车票插入打卡机打时间使车票生效。

Vienna (German: Wien), is the capital and largest city of Austria, and one of the nine states of Austria. Vienna is Austria's primary city, with a population of about 1.8 million (2.6 million within the metropolitan area, nearly one third of Austria's population), and its cultural, economic, and political centre.

车里人很少

Austria, officially the Republic of Austria, is a federal republic and a landlocked country of over 8.66 million people in Central Europe. It is bordered by the Czech Republic and Germany to the north,Hungary and Slovakia to the east, Slovenia and Italy to the south, and Switzerland and Liechtenstein to the west. 

华为的广告上了楼顶
外景

早晨7:30出门,乘有轨电车,到达SchoenbrunnPalace 8:40。进入时人流不多,离开13:40时人流很多。

美泉宫就是茜茜sisi公主住的宫殿,国内上个世纪上演过她的电影。

茜茜的夏宫就叫"美泉宫",又名申布隆宫(schnbrunn),位于奥地利维也纳西南部,是当年拍摄《茜茜》的重要景点。相传,1617年,马蒂亚斯皇帝在狩猎时,在狩猎馆附近发现了"美泉",即下令修建此宫殿,美名曰"美泉宫"。 它因其规模宏大的宫殿、花木似锦的花园而闻名,号称欧洲四大宫殿之一。

Sch?nbrunn Palace was the main summer residence of the Habsburg rulers, located in Hietzing, Vienna. The 1,441-room Baroque palace is one of the most important architectural, cultural, and historical monuments in the country. Since the mid-1950s it has been a major tourist attraction. The history of the palace and its vast gardens spans over 300 years, reflecting the changing tastes, interests, and aspirations of successive Habsburg monarchs.

参观入口处

奥地利的皇家宫殿在修建时多模仿法国凡尔赛宫的样式,在皇宫里可以看到很多成为伊丽莎白皇后的茜茜和他的丈夫弗兰茨·约瑟夫的油画和照片。

还是早起好,人少。到13:00结束出宫时,进入参观的人流就非常大了

宫殿里有多达1441个房间,有皇帝弗兰茨·约瑟夫一世的办公室、寝室,约瑟夫一世和伊丽莎白皇后共同的寝室、会客室、餐室,玛丽亚·安托瓦内特的房间等等等等。其富丽堂皇的内部装饰令人眼花缭乱,让人叹为观止。美泉宫成了哈布斯堡王朝荣辱史的见证人。

巴伐利亚的伊丽莎白女公爵(全名:伊丽莎白·阿玛莉亚·欧根妮;Elisabeth Amalie Eugenie;1837年12月24日-1898年9月10日)是奥地利帝国皇帝弗兰茨·约瑟夫一世的妻子,奥地利皇后和匈牙利王后。 伊丽莎白(也被称作茜茜)是巴伐利亚王室维特尔斯巴赫家族的一员。

楼外有很大的花园。花园是不需要门票。只是进入楼里才需要门票。后来发现,德国的宫殿也是如此,花园都不收门票。这与国内的情况完全不同。比如,天坛公园的绿地,不买票是进不去的。

宫殿北面的花园,景象壮观。花园总面积约2000平方米,是欧洲典型的法式园林。在碎石铺成的地面上,是一片片按几何学设计的,格局幽雅、精雕细琢的花坛和草坪。1996年,美泉宫花园已经被世界教科文组织纳入人类文化遗产名录。

《临江仙-乐都寻》#2

挥手俄航西去,长空万里飘蓬。

京都回首雾朦朦。四度欧陆探,寻梦几回重。

今晚船泊何地,美泉多瑙河中。

明朝杯盏香布宫。嫦娥曲伴醉,幻影遇乐童。

山坡最高处的建筑物
从坡顶上俯看整个花园,以及远处城里的教堂
从夏宫回看坡顶高处

楼外广场上,一片小市场,出售食品和纪念品

离开美景宫,游览城区

城里的建筑物
街景

游览老城区

金色大厅外墙被围,搞维修,看不到全景

演出广告
侧所收费EU0.5/次,男士小便池免费开放
护城河?

The Innere Stadt is the 1st municipal District of Vienna located in the center of the Austrian capital. The Innere Stadt is the Old Town of Vienna. Until the city boundaries were expanded in 1850, the Innere Stadt was congruent with the city of Vienna. Traditionally it was divided into four quarters, which were designated after important town gates.

下午,通过google找了家欧式餐馆,所德餐

烤猪排
炸鸡排
白人喜欢在户外进餐,聊天

#20《抓拍》:人头攒动处,闹市簇拥间。长镜暗躲路旁边,谁是盘中餐

#3《春天》:含情脉脉处,欲罢不能时。何患能长久,此刻是连枝。

#21《kiss》:唇开莲花绽,口吐蛇绞盘。交欢当庭无遮拦,私下怎缠绵

#23《kiss 2》:相视无语立,赤裸寡遮拦。极目苦海哪是边,唇齿吐真言

#5《同志》:白日老城广场众,有形绅士又重逢。相拥一吻神自若,一切尽在不言中。

#4《分寸》:勺近唇边留半步,话到口旁莫尽言。含苞待放呈仙境,牛排五七分解馋。

进State Park找地标

约翰·施特劳斯(Yuehan.shitelaosi Johann Strauss , 1825--1899)奥地利的轻音乐作曲家、指挥家、小提琴家。创作了不朽名作《蓝色多瑙河》圆舞曲。

#22《交响》:Strauss妙手春,Wien音乐汇星辰;此曲只应天上有,人间能得几回闻

弗朗茨·舒伯特(Franz Schubert,1797-1-31至1828-11-19),奥地利籍Germanen(日耳曼人),作曲家。《摇篮曲》

其它雕塑人物不熟悉

D3:4-7 Sunday April Wien,参观Hofburg宫,皇室家俱馆

英雄广场 (Helden-Platz),8:00到达广场,几乎没什么人,场面壮观

Heldenplatz (German: Heroes' Square) is a public space in front of the Hofburg Palace in Vienna, Austria. Located in the Innere Stadt borough, the President of Austria resides in the adjoining Hofburg wing, while the Federal Chancellery is on adjacent Ballhausplatz.  Many important actions and events took place here, most notably Adolf Hitler's ceremonial announcement of the Austrian Anschluss to Nazi Germany on 15 March 1938.

两座骑马耸立的青铜雕像是19世纪时击溃土耳其的英雄:欧根亲王,和成功抵御拿破仑的卡尔大公爵。

两匹马都是后腿着地,支撑着整个雕塑的重量,制造技术高超

Hofburg宫

The Hofburg is the former principal imperial palace of the Habsburg dynasty rulers and today serves as the official residence and workplace of the President of Austria. It is located in the center of Vienna and was built in the 13th century and expanded several times afterwards. It also served as the imperial winter residence, as Sch?nbrunn Palace was the summer residence.

9:00Hofburg开馆

一层是皇室餐具和厨房用品展示厅

展品隔着展柜的玻璃,拍摄效果不好,有玻璃板的反光

二层室内不允许拍照,没有照片。10:30参观Hofburg结束。

当天Wien组织Marathon,分职业和业余两组,跑道分开,场面热烈,有广播音乐助兴,路边围观人众

原来Austria也自产汽车

11:30步行到Imperial Furniture Collect皇室家俱馆,允许拍照

前台,入口

sisi princess

Her Royal Highness Duchess Elisabeth Amalie Eugenie was born on Christmas eve on 24 December 1837. She grew up at Possenhofen Castle on the shore of Lake Starnberg in Bavaria, Germany. The family called her Sisi.   Her father was  Maximillian, Duke in Bavaria ( since there could only be one Duke of Bavaria all the other members of the Wittelsbach family used the title Duke in Bavaria).

终于可以直接拍照SISI公主的画像了,之前在Hofburg里不允许拍照

参观到13:15结束。14:00乘地铁,来到城北的Danube多瑙河主航道

The Danube was once a long-standing frontier of the Roman Empire, and today flows through 10 countries, more than any other river in the world. Originating in Germany, the Danube flows southeast for 2,850 km, passing through or bordering Austria, Slovakia, Hungary, Croatia, Serbia, Romania, Bulgaria, Moldova and Ukraine before draining into the Black Sea. Its drainage basin extends into nine more countries.

#6《Sunday》多瑙蓝色翻绿波,教堂尖顶红瓦多。一桥飞架通南北,游轮白壁忙穿梭

Danube在此处分为两条平行的航道,中间是一条狭长的岛,形成一条公园,可供休闲

跨河桥上的涂鸦

15:00饿了,搜了一家中餐厅

餐厅的名称够豪放的:WOK

没吃自助,点了二盘炒饭,很好吃

16:30到达酒店附近的美景宫Belvedere,观看花园,免费

#7《观》美景王宫立,广场绿植编。神兽双飞翅,雕像待喷泉

王宫分二处,上宫绿顶,下宫红瓦,相对而立,中间隔着广阔的花园

The Belvedere is a historic building complex in Vienna, Austria, consisting of two Baroque palaces (the Upper and Lower Belvedere), the Orangery, and the Palace Stables. The buildings are set in a Baroque park landscape in the third district of the city, on the south-eastern edge of its centre. It houses the Belvedere museum. The grounds are set on a gentle gradient and include decorative tiered fountains and cascades, Baroque sculptures, and majestic wrought iron gates. The Baroque palace complex was built as a summer residence for Prince Eugene of Savoy.

两侧有多处长椅,可供游人歇息。我们也休息了半小时吧,走了一天,疲惫。待日落,观西阳西下的美景

当晚在网上购买后面去瑞士火车票。可以选择车站始末站。能显示出发车和到达时间。发过来电子票,只有价格与城市的名称,其他信息都没有,如:车站、开车日期、发车时间、车厢、座位。城里所有火车站都可以上。只显示一个票价。这挺有点儿像意大利,车票上只两个始末站名称。

D4:4-8 Monday April Wien乘火车赴Salzburg

清晨7:00到达火车站,来得有点早

Wien Hauptbahnhof (German for "Vienna Main station"; also referred to in English as "Vienna Hauptbahnhof" and commonly abbreviated in German as "Wien Hbf") is the main railway station in Vienna, Austria, located in the Favoriten district. It became fully operational in December 2015, linking major railway lines from the north, east, south and west, and replacing the old Wien Südbahnhof terminus.

#8《离》:洒酒惜别Wien,莫爷Sisi 老城;Danube 蓝色接青云,此去孤帆鹤影 

火车分一等、二等坐席,10:40抵达Salzburg

Salzburg HBF火车站

Salzburg(literally: "Salt Fortress"), is the fourth-largest city in Austria and the capital of the federal state of Salzburg.  Salzburg's "Old Town" (Altstadt) is internationally renowned for its baroque architecture and is one of the best-preserved city centers north of the Alps. It was listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1997. 

乘公交前往Hohensalzburg城堡

旅店提供当地乘车票,不必花钱乘公交车了。

上山的路上有座教堂,   免费参观

山的右侧可见上山的轨道缆车。

购买票登山上的Hohensalzburg城堡Chf12.9/人,有登山的缆车上山,山上可见Salzburg的全貌。

进入城堡,俯看市容

#9《Salzburg》:霍亨城堡立山巅,缆车牵引爬云端。俯瞰萨河湾流绕,教堂钟声四方传

#11《一剪梅 Salzburg》乐都初探山水间,坐也新鲜,行也新鲜。

Danube河畔风拂面,晴是春天,雨是春天。

古典交响奏管弦,醒在里边,梦在里边。

13:30出城堡,下山

#10《Love》:Salz桥上故事多,栏栅遍布连心锁。山盟海誓色斑驳,谁无错,流水依依悄然过。

Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (27 January 1756 – 5 December 1791), baptised as Johannes Chrysostomus Wolfgangus Theophilus Mozart, was a prolific and influential composer of the classical era.

排队上楼参观Mozart故居的美人

《音乐之声》(The Sound of Music),Julie Andrews、Christopher Plummer主演, 1965年上映。影片上映后当年票房1.59亿美元,制作成本820万美元,获第38届Academy Awards奥斯卡金像奖十项提名并获得最佳影片、最佳导演等五项大奖

老城的一家中餐馆吃了下午餐,步行穿过市区,向酒店方向走

途经Mirabell Palace (German: Schloss Mirabell) 

Mirabell Palace (German: Schloss Mirabell) is a historic building in the city of Salzburg, Austria. The palace with its gardens is a listed cultural heritage monument and part of the Historic Centre of the City of Salzburg UNESCO World Heritage Site.

同样,花园是免费参观的

#12《劳顿》:上登Hohen下游河,Salz方石足踏过。Mirabell花歇脚,腰欲跛,无心恋战Mozart

#13《一生一次》:Salzburg一夜情,梦醒窗外天未明。千里迢迢云雨后,回首不言泪曾经。

D5:4-9 Tuesday April Salzburg乘火车,经Zurich赴Lucern,Swiss

9:15am到达Salzburg火车站

#14《月台》:雪峰隔轨望,日出雾消魂。坐等机车上青云,Siwss有情人

#15《路途》:山雨欲滴云满天,碧草连绵坡那边。列车疾驶窗外过,游子闭目思谁怜。

二等车厢

16:25抵达Lucern

到售票处购买在瑞士境内的火车票,以及上少女峰的火车票。因为在网上购买这些车票有难度。

17:20,跨过这座桥,我们的住宿地就在钟楼在下面

Lucerne (German: Luzern) is a city in central Switzerland, in the German-speaking portionof the country. Lucerne is the capital of the canton of Lucerne and part of the district of the same name. With a population of about 81,057 people (as of 2013), Lucerne is the most populous town in Central Switzerland, and a nexus of economics, transportation, culture, and media of this region. The city's urban areaconsists of 17 municipalities and towns located in three different cantons with an overall population of about 250,000 people (as of 2007).

天鹅湖
有几分Claude Monet Sun set的意思

黄色的树叶,以为是秋天

后来发现,华为手机拍摄的风景,比十几年前买的Nikon单反拍出的照片效果好,直接美颜,不必后期加工了

所以,本文中的照片,除了人物特写镜头是用Nikon单反拍的之外,基本上都是选择了华为麦芒7拍摄的照片,美

桅杆倒影的曲线,唯美
Swan比比皆是

#16《怀柔》:曲雅人娇媚,山清水慢流。温柔乡里恨前仇,一宿梦难留

D6:4-10 Wednesday April Lucern乘火车赴Bern, Swiss

#17《特色》:一村一校一教堂,远山近水河流淌。不见工匠床边立,钟表军刀赴他乡

到达Bern Hbf需要乘5站电车到Hotel住地。在车站的公交车站旁,看到有自动售票机,输入到站的地名,查出需Chf4.7/人的车票,但不知如何变更购买2人的车票,身旁的一位老先生,他带我到马路对面的一家售车票的营业厅里。经询问可购买一日无限次乘车票Chf7.9张,二天二人4张票Chf31.6。上车时,应该在站台下的打卡机上打卡时间,开始起用。而我不知。到旅店里,管理员给我二张当地的乘车票,是提供给租住旅店的客人使用的。结果,之前我购买的乘车票就是多余的了。于是,又返回火车站,去退票。售票员是个老太婆,说按规定是不能退票的。不过,她还是退钱给我了。

Bern or Berne (German: Bern), is the de facto capital of Switzer -land, referred to by the Swiss as their (e.g. in German) Bundesstadt, or "federal city". With a population of 142,656 (March 2018), Bern is the fifth-most populous city in Switzer -land. The Bern agglomeration, which includes 36 municipalities, had a population of 406,900 in 2014. The metropolitan area had a population of 660,000 in 2000. Bern is also the capital of the canton of Bern, the second-most populous of Switzerland's cantons.

下榻公寓

The official language in Bern is (the Swiss variety of Standard) German, but the most-spoken language is an Alemannic Swiss German dialect, Bernese German.

In 1983, the historic old town (in German: Altstadt) in the centre of Bern became a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

号称6km长的骑楼、商业街。骑楼是广州话。但洋人的骑楼比广州的要宽敞得多

#29《意犹未尽》:Europe风情多,城堡教堂摩。碧草青山树婆娑,秀色人婀娜

#17《特色》:一村一校一教堂,远山近水河流淌。不见工匠床边立,钟表军刀赴他乡

Aare River

The Aare or Aar is a tributary of the High Rhine and the longest river that both rises and ends entirely within Switzerland

#18《观光》:Bern山坡樱花开,骑楼遮雨人徘徊。Aare河水城中过,不期遇,Einstein大神来

#19《行不行》:日行步数二万,酥胸湿了又干。抖擞精神重新站,前方秀色召唤

公交车

D7:4-11 Thursday April, Bern乘火车上Jungfraujoch少女峰

9:00自Bern Hbf发火车,中间导三次小的爬山火车,经过3小时,开到少女峰山顶。停留2个小时,本以为时间充余,实际还是很紧张的,山上有二个观景平台,有一条冰川里开凿的隧道,线路也不熟习,找平台花了一些时间。最后赶上14:14发出的回Bern的列车。不过回程的列车每半小时一班,赶不上这次,还有下一班车可乘。

#22《Thunersee》:云里Thun迷蒙,湖面波澜不惊。列车沿岸观风景,可闻窗外鸟鸣

Lake Thun (German: Thunersee) is an Alpine lake in the Bernese Oberland in Switzerland named after the city of Thun, on its northern shore. Lake Thun's approximate 2,500 km? catchment area frequently causes local flooding after heavy rainfalls. This occurs because the river Aare (German: Aare), which drains Lake Thun, has only limited capacity to handle the excess runoff. The lake is fed by water from Lake Brienz to the southeast, which is 6 metres higher than Lake Thun, and various streams in the Oberland, including the Kander.

#20《雪山》:汝峰娇羞半遮,云里雾里消磨。何日东风雨后过,相拥共渡Inn河

#21《LIVE》:寻梦路途中,梦遗难相逢。栽花不遂意,插柳笑春风

换乘上山的小火车

#24《玩》:游客熙熙攘攘,黄种面孔厮磨。滑雪皆是白皮者,层次不可评说

#23《Interlaken OST》:未逢水光潋滟,但遇山色空蒙。Interlaken烟雨中,不见独钓蓑翁

#28《齿轮》:山路崎岖陡峭,列车别有门道。双轨中间齿轮条,尽除溜滑烦恼

Jungfraujoch is a notable saddle in the Bernese Alps, connecting the two four-thousander peaks Jungfrau and M?nch, at an elevation of 3,466 metres above sea level. It is a glacier saddle, on the upper snows of the Aletsch Glacier, and part of the Jungfrau-Aletsch area, situated on the boundary between the cantons of Bern and Valais, halfway between Interlaken and Fiesch.

#27《飞》:山上皑皑陡峭,滑雪心惊肉跳。老少足登细长撬,飒爽英姿真好

#26《超越》:山下阴云密布,担心此行泡汤。登顶栖身海天上,一览无余风光

#25《KleineScheidegg》:列车拾牙而上,松柏耸立谷中。破云穿雾迎少女,风光还在险峰

#27《忙》:峰顶雪面踯躅,冰川洞里蹒跚。观景台间穿梭难,缺氧呼哧带喘

#29《归》:回程另辟蹊径,风景果然不同。崇山峻岭万千重,列车缓缓而行

D8:4-12 Friday April, Bern乘火车赴Lausanne洛桑

Lausanne is a city in the French-speaking part of Switzerland, and the capital and biggest city of the canton of Vaud. The city is situated on the shores of Lake Geneva. It faces the French town of ?vian-les-Bains, with the Jura Mountains to its north-west. Lausanne is located 62 kilometres northeast of Geneva.

Lausanne has a population (as of November 2015) of 146,372, making it the fourth largest city in Switzerland, with the entire agglomeration area having 420,000 inhabitants (as of March 2015).The metropolitan area of Lausanne-Geneva was over 1.2 million inhabitants in 2000.

下榻酒店

#30《山城》:Lausanne上下崎岖,楼宇道路高低。石桥沟通山谷,南望Geneva湖区

The most important geographical feature of the area surrounding Lausanne is Lake Geneva. Lausanne is built on the southern slope of the Swiss plateau, with a difference in elevation of about 500 metres between the lakeshore at Ouchy and its northern edge bordering Le Mont-sur-Lausanne and ?palinges. Lausanne boasts a dramatic panorama over the lake and the Alps.

#34《丰简由人》

I t a l y  滴教堂如盛装出行滴贵妇 珠光宝气

Deutsch滴教堂似上山拾柴滴村姑 素面朝天

#31《导航》:Lausanne挑战Google,立体道路迷宫。常开金口问迷津,方解进退困境

教堂内部十分朴素,几无装饰

Lausanne is a focus of international sport, hosting the International Olympic Committee (which recognizes the city as the "Olympic Capital" since 1994), the Court of Arbitration for Sport and some 55 international sport associations. It lies in a noted wine-growing region. The city has a 28-station metro system, making it the smallest city in the world to have a rapid transit system. Lausanne will host the 2020 Winter Youth Olympics.

Geneva Lake

日内瓦湖(法方称莱芒湖)是阿尔卑斯湖群中最大的一个。湖面面积约为224平方英里,在瑞士境内占140平方英里,法国境内占84平方英里。日内瓦湖是罗纳冰川形成的。湖身为弓形,湖的凹处朝南。罗纳冰川消溶后,形成罗纳河,它是吐纳日内瓦湖水的主要河流。日内瓦湖海拔1230英尺,长46英里。湖面最宽处为8.5英里。湖水最深处1017英尺。湖畔和毗邻地域,气候温和,温差变化极小,建有许多游览胜地。日内瓦湖是世界第一大高山堰塞湖。

酒店餐厅,玻璃地板下是城市交通的模型

这是本次行程唯一一家提供免费早餐的酒店,难得珍贵

#32酒店《装修》:大堂女郎端装,餐厅公交繁忙。Hotel装潢眼前亮,AlaGare时尚

D9:4-13 Saturday April, Lausanne, pass Murich, to Stuggart by Train

Lausanne HBF

7:40到达Lausanne HBF,侯车

8:34列车发出,本应是10:28抵达Zurich HBF火车站,结果列车晚点,我要换乘在10:38开往Stuttgart的列车已经开走了。我乘的车10:40刚抵达Zurich Airport,我没注意车站的名称,以为到达了HBF车站,实际还没到。下车后,经询问,才知道要向回坐到市区里。列车员给我写了一张纸条,要搭乘12:38由Zurich发出的列车,15:40抵达Stuttgart。整整晚了2个小时。不过总算没有大的失误。

Zurich HBF

11:30到达Zurich HBF,等候换乘时,在车站外面

苏黎世位于阿尔卑斯山北部,苏黎世湖西北端,利马特河同苏黎世湖的河口。市区被利马特河分为东、西两岸,也分成新城和旧城,它们之间有迷宫般的羊肠小道连接。旧城区在河北岸,分为上村和下村,布满了大大小小的精品时装店,酒吧,咖啡屋,古玩厅等。

苏黎世人口38.0万(2012年),苏黎世州郊区111.20万(2011年)。

苏黎世在欧洲古代语言里的意思是"水乡"。早在1000年前就已形成村落,1218年成立城邦,1351年加入瑞士联邦。到18、19世纪,苏黎世成为瑞士主要讲德语民族的文化教育和科学中心,许多著名的科学家,包括爱因斯坦和核物理的创始人之一的沃尔弗同·波里都在这里学习和工作过。

Limmat

利马特河(Limmat),是瑞士苏黎世的一条主要的河流,该条河流从苏黎世湖北端引出,然后流经苏黎世市中心,再向西北方流35公里,最后注入阿勒河,利马特河位于瑞士布鲁格的北面,离罗伊斯河的河口不远。

利马特河(Limmat)的名字起源于旧有苏黎世湖的两条支流连特河(Linth)和马克河(Maag),该两条河道在十九世纪初进行过治理工程,合并为现在的利马特河。

12:37 to Stuggart from Zurich

17:45抵达Stuggart HBF

Stuggart HBF

Stuttgart HBF周围在大兴土木,建设轨道交通及换成站的地下工程,一片狼籍。周围有工程建设的照片和未来效果图,告之公众建设后的情景。

钟楼上面有一个巨大的Benz三角Logo标,在转动

城市可供游览的地方不多,住在HBF中央火车站附近,就可以步行到周边景点了

下榻酒店,设施很好

酒店里的装饰画

Stuttgart is the capital and largest city of the German state of Baden-Württemberg. Stuttgart is located on the Neckar river in a fertile valley known locally as the "Stuttgart Cauldron." It lies an hour from the Swabian Jura and the Black Forest. Its urban area has a population of 609,219, making it the sixth largest city in Germany.

原以为Deutschland有一半壮汉,失望了。男士身材修长。经常能看到拄双拐滴年轻人,应该是滑雪 受伤了

D10:4-14 Sunday,Stuggart

周日shopping mall关门不营业。因为是天主教国家,周日作礼拜

参观王宫广场旁边的History Museum,免费,从原始人的石器时代开始,到基督教的十字架雕塑和绘画。

实物没什么可拍摄的。玻璃水彩画,很值得观赏

火葬
一家人
城堡
武士
头盔可戴
又是火葬

具有人体解剖学的雕塑,是中国人没有的

肌肉的线条

葬礼
洗礼

早就看过,Jesus在十字架上,手和脚钉子的位置,应该是在手腕和脚腕上,而不是在手掌和脚掌上。因为重力的原因,只有在手腕和脚腕上,才能承受身份的重量,而不致手掌撕裂。

中间回酒店休息,16:00出来去美术馆,16:40进馆,结果刚进去10分钟,就到16:50,管理员开始向外赶人了。看到法国三位著名印象派画家的几幅作品

The Staatsgalerie Stuttgart (State Gallery) is an art museum in Stuttgart, Germany, it opened in 1843. In 1984, the opening of the Neue Staatsgalerie (New State Gallery) designed by James Stirling transformed the once provincial gallery into one of Europe's leading museums.

State Gallery 入口

Stuttgart art Museum with paint by Claude Monet 1840~1926,Paul Gauguin,1848—1903,Pierre-Auguste Renoir,1841-1919

 Claude Monet 1840~1926

Paul Gauguin,1848—1903

Pierre-Auguste Renoir,1841-1919

花园有点破旧

Schlossplatz 王宫广场

The New Palace (German: Neues Schloss) is an 18th-century Baroque palace and is one of the last large city palaces built in Southern Germany. The palace is located in the center of Stuttgart on the Schlossplatz in front of the Jubil?umss?ule column and Konigsbau. Public tours of the building are only permitted by special arrangement, as the building contains some government offices. Once a historic residence of the Kings of Württemberg, the New Palace derives its name from its commissioning by Duke Carl Eugen of Württemberg to replace the Old Castle in the early years of his reign. Originally, Charles commissioned Nikolaus Friedrich Thouret, but architects Leopold Retti, Philippe da la Guepière, Reinhard Heinrich Ferdinand Fischer would contribute to the design, history, and construction of the palace.

日落时分

The New Palace (German: Neues Schloss) 是 18 世纪 Baroque 宫 , 是最后一个大型城市宫殿建于Germany南部.这座宫殿位于斯图加特市中心的施洛斯广场上,位于朱巴隆索勒柱和科尼格斯堡前。由于大厦内设有部分政府合署,公众参观只可作特别安排。这座新宫殿曾是符腾堡州国王们的历史性住所,其名字来源于符腾堡州的卡尔?尤金公爵(Duke Carl Eugen)在其统治初期委托他替换旧城堡。

D11:4-15 Monday April, Stuttgart--Heidelberg

8:42发车,中途要换车

9:23中途换车,赴Heidelburg

Heidelburg火车站
车站里的交通模型,投入eu1-2硬币,车辆可以运行

10:30到达下榻的商务酒店

车站里的装饰画

Heidelberg (German from a dialectal word for "goat" and the word "mountain")is a university town in Baden-Württemberg situated on the river Neckar in south-west Germany. In 2016 census, its population was 159,914, with roughly a quarter of its population being students. 

房间里有电炉灶

乘bus来到Heidelburg老城堡

Heidelberg Castle (German: Heidelberger Schloss) is a ruin in Germany and landmark of Heidelberg. The castle ruins are among the most important Renaissance structures north of the Alps. The castle has only been partially rebuilt since its demolition in the 17th and 18th centuries. It is located 80 metres up the northern part of the K?nigstuhl hillside, and thereby dominates the view of the old downtown. It is served by an intermediate station on the Heidelberger Bergbahn funicular railway that runs from Heidelberg's Kornmarkt to the summit of the K?nigstuhl.

城堡由于战争已基本炸毁了,残垣断壁

这里面收门票,外面的花园是免费游览的

Heidelberg is in the Rhine Rift Valley, on the left bank of the lower part of the Neckar in a steep valley in the Odenwald. It is bordered by the K?nigsstuhl (568 m) and the Gaisberg (375 m) mountains. The Neckar here flows in an east-west direction. On the right bank of the river, the Heiligenberg mountain rises to a height of 445 meters. The Neckar flows into the Rhine approximately 22 kilometres north-west in Mannheim. Villages incorporated during the 20th century stretch from the Neckar Valley along the Bergstra?e, a road running along the Odenwald hills.

bier啤酒桶?

Founded in 1386, Heidelberg University is Germany's oldest and one of Europe's most reputable universities. A scientific hub in Germany, the city of Heidelberg is home to several internationally renowned research facilities adjacent to its university, including four Max Planck Institutes. 

城堡的一半被炸开,露出里面的结构

约翰·沃尔夫冈·冯·歌德(Johann Wolfgang von Goethe)(1749-1832)

大门把门

The Neckar flows into the Rhine

在Heidelberg历史协会网站有这标牌,这Castle从13世纪末到年1557年是前圣灵医院的教堂 。只未谈及它与Nuremberg圣灵医院的渊源。

#34《丰简由人》

 I t a l y  滴教堂如盛装出行滴贵妇  珠光宝气

Deutsch滴教堂似上山拾柴滴村姑  素面朝天

就在这个广场上吃的下午餐

#33《一剪梅 Germany》

色黄麦醇味爽口,渴饮啤酒,饿饮啤酒

金发碧眼腿修长,男人漂亮,女人漂亮

猪牛鸡肉絮中央,饥吃香肠,馋吃香肠

Bier eu4.4/cup

最贵的午餐eu43/2人

一盘烧牛肉eu16,一盘烧羊腿eu20。肉太多,二个人根本吃不完,打包带走。

D12:4-16 Tuesday April, from Heidelberg, pass Mainz to Koln

早晨要转二次车,第一次应在Ludwigshanfen Hbf下车,结果提前下了一站,在witte下了。接售票处问,重新打印了后面换乘的车次,地点,站台信息。

Mainz HBF

中转站Mainz

Mainz Hbf 站前广场

前往Koln的车
下榻的Koln旅店

结果晚了1小时到达Koln。到旅店,没有前台,提供的备用酒店只有中文,没有英文地址。无法找到。请旁边酒店的前台打了电话,说只能等到15:00方可在门里的电脑上自助check in。后,来了一个维修工,告诉我辅助酒店的地址,方才将行李放到800m开外的另一个地方。旅店房间很小,在三楼,也没有电梯,不方便。没前台。但价格eu78一晚,便宜。

酒店阳台

Cologne (German K?ln) is the largest city in the German federal State of North Rhine-Westphalia and the fourth-largest city in Germany(after Berlin, Hamburg, and Munich). It is located within the Rhine-Ruhr metropolitan region, one of the major European metropolitan regions and the largest in Germany with more than ten million inhabitants.

Cologne is located on both sides of the Rhine River, less than eighty kilometres from Belgium. The city's famous Cologne Cathedral (K?lner Dom) is the seat of the Catholic Archbishop of Cologne. The University of Cologne (Universit?t zu K?ln) is one of Europe's oldest and largest universities.

Cologne was one of the most heavily-bombed cities in Germany during World War II, the Royal Air Force (RAF) dropping 34,711 long tons of bombs on the city. The bombing reduced the population by 95%, mainly due to evacuation, and destroyed almost the entire city. With the intention of restoring as many historic buildings as possible, the successful postwar rebuilding has resulted in a very mixed and unique cityscape.

Koln的dom教堂不收门票,但攻略介绍上楼顶和珍宝馆eu8

Cologne Cathedral (German: K?lner Dom) is the city's most famous monument and the Cologne residents' most loved landmark. It is a Gothic church, started in 1248, and completed in 1880. In 1996, it was designated a World Heritage site; it houses the Shrine of the Three Kings, which supposedly contains the relics of the Three Magi. Residents of Cologne sometimes refer to the cathedral as "the eternal construction site".

#35《Koln Dom》:Koln教堂塔顶尖,报时钟声入云端。普度众生福祉降,Rhine无音水潺潺

Koln Hbf

夜景照片也是用华为麦芒7拍摄滴,效果还不错。用十多年前买的Nikon单反相机不行,曝光时间太长,大概要0.5s,没有三角架不能成像,太虚。

D13:4-17 Wednesday April,Koln-Bruhl-Koln

8:08的火车,去Bruhl, 世界文化遗产所在地

Brühl, city, North Rhine–Westphalia Land (state), northwestern Germany. It lies near the left bank of the Rhine River, south of Cologne. It was a stronghold of the electors of Cologne from 1285 onward, and its Baroque Augustusburg Castle (1725), with extensive gardens and a famous staircase by Balthasar Neumann, was their summer residence. Within Augustusburg’s gardens is the smaller Falkenlust (1733), a hunting lodge by Fran?ois de Cuvilliés. The castles were designated a UNESCO World Heritage site in 1984.

有一点点小雨

#36《Bruhl》:丁香花万朵,迎春向阳开,十字架下无阴霾,Bruhl游客来

#37《Bruhl 2》:布谷声呜咽,翠鸟音婉转。细雨朦胧步悠然,Bruhl亦休闲

#38《Bruhl 3》:日出光影媚,雨洗翠欲滴。姹紫嫣红色斑斓,Bruhl醉痴迷

小镇20分钟的城铁,很安静,有座王宫eu12的门票,没进去看。在一座有六角星的建筑山墙外,照了张照片。一位白人老妇,见我拍照,过来与我blabla一通Deutsch,我回应can I go inside to visit it? 她点点头。

11:25乘火车返回Koln。下午参观Rhine河上的chocolete museum

14:30抵达chocolete museum

门票eu12.5/p,好贵呀。买了一些chocolate, eu10/500g。

运cafee豆的小船

chocolete fall

15:30结束,不推荐参观。可以在门口打个卡,在大厅购买一些chocolete,不必买票。

15:55进入Olympia Museum,免费参观

单反相机拍的,虚了,曝光时间太长

#39《Koln》:Olympic走四方,体育健身精神爽。Koln博物馆中藏,历史重现圆梦想

Steffi Graf, tennis super star, married Agassi of USA. 

16:30结束参观Olympia Museum

莱茵河畔风光

The Rhine is one of the major European rivers, which has its sources in Switzerland and flows in an mostly northerly direction through Germany and The Netherlands to the North Sea. The river begins in the Swiss canton of Graubünden in the southeastern Swiss Alps, forms part of the Swiss-Liechtenstein, Swiss-Austrian, Swiss-German and then the Franco-German border, then flows through the German Rhineland and the Netherlands and eventually empties into the North Sea.

#40《Rhine》:Rhine河水向北流,Swiss雪山始源头。Deutsch Holand穿身过,不到North Sea誓不休

吃了一顿中餐,葱爆羊肉和宫爆鸡丁,2碗米饭。eu31

D14:4-18 Thursday, April, Koln-Leipzig

9:13am 发车。这是双层列车的上层

从上层向下看,下层的车厢门

15:20抵达Leipzig HBF车站,车站很大

Leipzig is the most populous city in the federal state of Saxony, Germany. With a population of 581,980 inhabitants as of 2017 (1.1 million residents in the larger urban zone), it is Germany's tenth most populous city. Leipzig is located about 160 kilometres southwest of Berlin at the confluence of the White Elster, Plei?e and Parthe rivers at the southern end of the North German Plain.

Deutsch很喜欢兔子,到处都能看到兔子的形象

有网友说:在德国,兔子是复活节的象征,是爱神的宠物。每个德国小孩子童年的美好回忆是,Easter的小兔子会把复活节鸡蛋和各类巧克力糖果送到每家每户的花园中藏起来。

15:50抵达下榻的酒店

房间条件不错,宽敞

有烤箱

从酒店房间向外看

对面就是Leipzig HBF,很近

德国人很喜欢涂鸦,效果也不错

16:15 Town Hall Plaze

看看Deutsch放松的样子

身材基本上正常

几乎看不到大胖子

每个小铺子都有特色,如同童话故事上描写的一样

亲民

不过,也没什么值得购买的纪念品

找音乐家的墓地,一个待者说在一个街边花园里

 

威廉·理查德·瓦格纳(Wilhelm Richard Wagner,1813-5-22至1883-2-13),德国作曲家,著名的古典音乐大师。他是德国歌剧史上一位举足轻重的人物。前面承接莫扎特的歌剧传统,后面开启了后浪漫主义歌剧作曲潮流,理查德·施特劳斯紧随其后。同时,因为他在政治、宗教方面思想的复杂性,成为欧洲音乐史上最具争议的人物。

网摘:希特勒与他的“精神导师”尼采一样一生都深爱瓦格纳的歌剧,纳粹把它的音乐当成国乐,犹太人闻其名已咬牙切齿,恨之入骨。在纳粹统治德国时期,瓦格纳的音乐到处被奏响着。瓦格纳是希特勒穷途末路之际的精神慰藉,在他尚未成为元首之前,生活潦倒之时,支撑他不致沉沦的就是瓦格纳的歌剧。《尼伯龙根的指环》启发了他构想"国家社会主义"的蓝图。瓦格纳的反犹思想,他歌剧中所彰显出的英雄崇拜和民族主义情绪,被希特勒和纳粹主义发扬光大。"凡是要想了解国家社会主义的德国人,都必须首先要了解瓦格纳",希特勒常常这么说。

樱花盛开的地方

17:00来到巴赫的墓地

 

St. Thomas Church (German: Thomaskirche) is a Lutheran church in Leipzig, Germany.It is associated with a number of well-known composers such as Richard Wagner and Felix Mendelssohn Bartholdy, but mostly with Johann Sebastian Bach who worked here as a Kapellmeister (music director) from 1723 until his death in 1750. Today, the church also holds his remains.

这位先人不认识

约翰·塞巴斯蒂安·巴赫(Johann Sebastian Bach,1685-3-21至1750-7-28),巴洛克时期的德国作曲家,杰出的管风琴、小提琴、大键琴演奏家,被普遍认为是音乐史上最重要的作曲家之一,并被尊称为"西方近代音乐之父",也是西方文化史上最重要的人物之一。

巴赫出生于德国中部图林根州小城艾森纳赫的一个音乐世家,在有生之年是一位著名的宫廷乐长,在德国莱比锡圣多马教堂度过了最后27年的时间。

巴赫把西欧不同民族的音乐风格融为一体。他集意大利、法国和德国传统音乐中的精华,曲尽其妙,珠联璧合,天衣无缝。

巴赫自己在一生中并未享有盛名,而且在死后五十年中就已被世人遗忘。但是在近一个半世纪中他的名气却在不断地增长,一般认为他是西方音乐史中最伟大的两三位作曲家之一,而且有些人认为他是其中最伟大的作曲家

教堂17:00关门。只能在门外瞻仰大神的风采

 

市政府大厦

这个是现代化风格的教堂?,外型简约

Old St. Peter's Church

Old St. Peter's Church is a Lutheran parish and church in the old town of Leipzig, Germany. The present church building, in Gothic Revival style, was erected from 1882 onwards at the Gaudigplatz, and also serves as a concert venue. It replaced a former building at a different location.

居民住宅楼。阳台整齐划一,没有人私搭乱建。也没有防盗网。

定居Deutsch的同学在微信里告诉我说:东德Leipzig新纳粹活动比较严重,连市政府都有他们的人,其它地方好像没听说。晚上不要出门。

井盖都散发着美的光辉

D15:4-19 Friday April,Leipzig-Bremen

8:00前往200m外的Leipzig HBF火车站

车站里书店面积不小,各色书籍和杂志,琳琅满目

选择一些封面有特色的,展示一下

 

阁楼

 

13:00抵达下榻酒店,就在Bremen Hbf广场对面

居然给了一个套房,¥460/晚,性价比最高的酒店

从酒店步行可以前往老城中心

The City Municipality of Bremen (German: Stadtgemeinde Bremen) is a Hanseatic city in northwestern Germany. As a commercial and industrial city with a major port on the River Weser, Bremen is part of the Bremen/Oldenburg Metropolitan Region, with 2.5 million people. Bremen is the second most populous city in Northern Germany and eleventh in Germany.

Deutsch同学说:这4只动物组成的造形是Bremen的地标

Friedrich Engels, 28 November 1820–5 August 1895, was a German philosopher, communist, social scientist, journalist and businessman. His father was an owner of large textile factories in Salford, England and in Barmen, Prussia (what is now in Wuppertal, Germany)

老城区走了一圈。今天是个特别的日子Easter Day耶稣受难日,后天周日是复活节,Dom附近的教堂里唱诗班在歌唱,不准游客参观。但我接受了一本圣经,也允许我们坐在长椅的静静地欣赏唱诗班少年的咏唱。

 

走进一家以旧照片为修饰物的酒巴

左上角那位是勃列日涅夫?右中,老m对面那位不认识,时间应该距离1976年不远了。

Easter, also called Pascha or Resurrection Sunday, is a festival and holiday commemorating the resurrection of Jesus from the dead, described in the New Testament as having occurred on the third day after his burial following his crucifixion by the Romans at Calvary c. 30 AD. It is the culmination of the Passion of Jesus, preceded by Lent, a 40-day period of fasting, prayer, and penance.

今年的复活节是2019-4-21周日,今天是Jesus受难日。从今天开始全国放假4天,所有商店关门,包括supermarket也不开张。人们聚集在河边享受休闲的下午阳光

复活节(Easter),是纪念耶稣基督复活的节日,西方信基督教的国家都过这个节。在西方教会传统里,春分之后第一次满月之后的第一个星期日即为复活节。东方教会则规定,如果满月恰逢星期日,则复活节再推迟一周。因此,节期大致在3月22日至4月25日之间。复活节是最古老最有意义的基督教节日之一,庆祝的是基督的复活,世界各地的基督徒每年都要举行庆祝。

Weser

威悉河(Weser)是流经德国境内的中第二长的河流,仅次于美因河。其余更长的河流,如多瑙河、莱茵河、易北河、奥德河和摩泽尔河都有源头或者入海口在德国之外。威悉河流经黑森、北威、下萨克森和不来梅州。

这是在国外见过的最多的人在路边河边聚众饮酒休闲的所在了

 

转了一圈,又回到市政广场

 

Bremen Town Hall 市政厅

重新拍照,日落时分的景色

Bremen Town Hall

不同曝光

Deutsche Bank

D16:4-20 Saturday April,Bremen

9:30乘车前往科技馆

赴Universum Bremen科技馆ticket eu16/p x2p=eu32。内容不值。

记得london的大英博物馆、自然博物馆、科技馆,以及NewYork大都会博物馆、科技馆都不收门票。

Deutsch的同学说,Bremen财政赤字,入不敷出。所以要收门票。不推荐参观该馆。

馆外的售票楼,里面有个自行车博物馆

这些老物件,还真没见过

骑这种自行车,骨折的概率比较高吧

里面都是物理的小实验,声光电热力液体机械运动等,有些可以手动参与。

变形镜,镜中间部分是前后运动的,镜子在凸镜凹镜之间不停地变化

热成像图

拼积木游戏

13:40结束参观科技馆。前往植物园

从公交车上下来,要走1km,到植物园。沿途看到许多独幢房,应该是高尚住宅区

住宅外有围栏,将院子与街道隔开。

后来发现,这些地方,比植物园里要好看。

14:30进入植物园,真是乏善可陈

这是我所见过的最差的植物园了吧

有个温室,也要收费

也许是春天,园里的土地,到处是裸露的,没什么植被

更没有参天的各种古树,如在Botanical garden in Christchurch New Zealand所见

总之,Bremen没什么可看的

逛了40分钟,15:15离开

看了看地图,实在没什么可看的,就乘车来到Bremen soccer足球队的主场,16:00

出来玩,球帽上滴字,要注意。这次戴滴是NZ+银阙草图案滴帽子,没遇到麻烦。2016年秋,戴顶NY字样球帽,在USA Boston火车站,被一壮汉怒视,单手直指俺头顶,差点挨顿揍;哈哈 赶紧手捂羞处,低眉顺目,i服了U,行吗,您看:-)

照片是两个中东模样的少年拍滴。他俩主动搭话,问u r tourist? where r u come from?我讲china TV 转播Deutsch, UK, Italy, spain, france soccer match。他们讲,当天Bremen与Bayern München有比赛,在Murich。回到酒店,打开TV,还真看到播放当天比赛的精彩集锦,0:1, Bremen输了

Sportverein Werder Bremen von 1899 e. V., commonly known as Werder Bremen, is a German sports club located in Bremen in the northwest German federal state Free Hanseatic City of Bremen. The club was founded in 1899 and has grown to 40,400 members. It is best known for its association football team.

Werder Bremen's reserve team currently plays in the Regionalliga-Nord after relegation from 3. Liga after finishing 18th in the 2017–18 season. It plays its home matches at Weserstadion Platz 11, adjacent to the first team's ground, and it is coached by Sven Hübscher.

Weserstadion is a multi-purpose stadium in Bremen, Germany. The Weserstadion is scenically situated on the north bank of the Weser River and is surrounded by lush green parks (the name 'Werder' is a regional German word for "river peninsula"). The city center is only about a kilometer away. It is the home stadium of German Bundesliga club Werder Bremen.

微信里,同学说看场足球赛。回答:作为一个伪球迷,看看场馆足矣,比赛就免了吧

球馆未现正立面

 

20:00回到Bremen Hbf旁边的酒店

Bremen Hbf

D17:4-21 Sunday April,Bremen pass Hamburg to Berlin

Train Ticket

Bremen Hbf装饰图上有城市的地标

09:19开往Hamburg转车

10:20抵达中转站Hamburg汉堡Hbf

Hamburg is the second largest city in Germany and the eighth largest city in the European Union. It is the second smallest German state by area. Its population is over 1.7 million people, and the Hamburg Metropolitan Region has more than 5 million inhabitants. The city is situated on the river Elbe.

 

广告词也有English的

 

 

10:35前往Berlin

12:20到达本次出行的最后一站Berlin Hbf

 

轨道在地下

Berlin is the capital of Germany and one of its 16 states. With a population of approximately 3.5 million people, Berlin is the second most populous city proper and the seventh most populous urban area in the European Union. Located in northeastern Germany on the banks of Rivers Spree and Havel, it is the centre of the Berlin- Brandenburg Metropolitan Region, which has about six million residents from over 180 nations. Due to its location in the European Plain, Berlin is influenced by a temperate seasonal climate. Around one-third of the city's area is composed of forests, parks, gardens, rivers and lakes.

 

 

Berlin Hbf

13:00抵达下榻酒店

酒店门口的Berlin Bear

导游手册上介绍,熊是柏林市的象征,Berlin Bear也成为特定的形象标志。在柏林的市徽和各种纪念建筑物上都能见到熊的形象。街头巷尾也可以见到好多城市雕塑以熊为对象进行艺术创作。而在旅游纪念品中也有"柏林熊"出售,各种材质都有。

酒店房间很宽

 

有电烤箱

 

 

酒店窗外的景色

15:30离开酒店,步行前往Berlin城区最大的公园

 

居民楼?

 

 

The Spree follows this valley now. In Spandau, a borough in the west of Berlin, the Spree empties into the river Havel, which flows from north to south through western Berlin. The course of the Havel is more like a chain of lakes, the largest being the Tegeler See and the Gro?er Wannsee. A series of lakes also feeds into the upper Spree, which flows through the Gro?er Müggelsee in eastern Berlin.

Europ的汽车多是二厢轿车,占比例有70%?城市拥挤,地方小,汽油贵。不象USA,SUV等大型车很多。

 Paris Plaze

Brandenburg Tor著名的Brandenburg门

The Brandenburg Gate is an iconic landmark of Berlin and Germany, it stands as a symbol of eventful European history and of unity and peace.

勃兰登堡门位于德国首都柏林的市中心,最初是柏林城墙的一道城门,因通往勃莱登堡而得名。现在保存的勃莱登堡门是一座古典复兴建筑,由普鲁士国王腓特烈·威廉二世下令于1788年至1791年间建造,以纪念普鲁士在七年战争取得的胜利。

欧洲犹太人大屠杀纪念碑(Germany's national Memorial for the Murdered Jews of Europe),亦称为浩劫纪念碑。位于德国首都柏林市中心标志性建筑-勃兰登堡门和波茨坦广场之间,离德国联邦议院和总理府所在地近在咫尺。由彼得·艾森曼及布罗·哈普达设计,纪念浩劫中受害的犹太人。纪念碑于2003-4-1动工兴建,在2004-12-15完成。在2005年5月10日开幕。同年5月12日,开始对外开放,建筑费接近2500万欧元。

歌德

 

网摘:2003年12月12日,联邦议院不顾联盟党议会党团的反对执意决定,修建被害同性恋纪念碑。尽管如此,同性恋并没有被全社会所接受。这个大型水泥方块状的纪念碑上有个小窗,游客可以通过这个小窗看见两名男子亲吻的影像。但是这也引来了争议,不少的女权团体不满这段影像并没有反映女同性恋者当年也在受害之列。故而两年后,将换成两名女子亲吻的影像。曾经有成千上万的同性恋者受到纳粹的迫害,他们被迫佩戴粉红色的三角形布章、而且也被送进集中营

The Tiergarten is Berlin’s most popular inner-city park, located completely in the district of the same name. The park is 210 hectares in size and is among the largest urban gardens of Germany. Only the Tempelhofer Park (previously Berlin's Tempelhof airport) and Munich's Englischer Garten

Beethoven

网摘:路德维希·凡·贝多芬(Ludwig van Beethoven,1770-12-16至1827-3-26享年57岁),德国著名的音乐家,维也纳古典乐派代表人物之一。他的作品对世界音乐的发展有着非常深远的影响,因此被尊称为“乐圣”。贝多芬的主要作品以九部交响曲占首要地位。他集古典音乐的大成,同时开辟了浪漫时期音乐的道路,对世界音乐发展有着举足轻重的作用。

Mozart

网摘:沃尔夫冈·阿玛多伊斯·莫扎特(英语:Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,1756年1月27日-1791年12月5日),出生于神圣罗马帝国时期的萨尔兹堡,欧洲古典主义音乐作曲家。

1760年,开始学习作曲。莫扎特一生漂泊劳碌。1762年的寒冬,年幼的沃尔夫冈与姐姐南内尔的欧洲巡演拉开序幕。从慕尼黑、林茨到受弗朗西斯一世接见的维也纳之行后,他经由波恩科隆、布鲁塞尔抵达法国,在巴黎他短暂碰壁,随后在英国重振旗鼓,在意大利度过的岁月则为莫扎特日后的歌剧创作提供了无限源泉。 1773年,在意大利受挫的莫扎特重返故里,从粮食大街四层狭小局促的公寓迁至萨尔茨河对岸新城的马卡特广场八号。在萨尔茨堡,莫扎特被任命为大主教宫廷首席乐师,但是这个人生阶段于他而言,却充满了忧郁压抑。新任大主教科罗瑞多让莫扎特深切体会到萨尔茨堡的保守封闭。 1781年,莫扎特到维也纳开始10年的创作生涯 。1791年12月5日0时55分,莫扎特逝世,享年35岁,死因不明 。

莫扎特乐于接受传统曲式,并对其作巧妙的运用。他在音乐史上的重要性在于重塑并定义了古典音乐,不同于巴赫的均衡完美、贝多芬的桀骜不驯。莫扎特留下的重要作品总括当时所有的音乐类型。他谱出的协奏曲、交响曲、奏鸣曲、小夜曲、嬉游曲后来成为古典音乐的主要形式。

Haydn

网摘:弗朗茨·约瑟夫·海顿(Franz Joseph Haydn,1732-3-31至1809-5-31),维也纳古典乐派的奠基人,交响乐

之父,出生于奥地利

南方靠近匈牙利

边境的风景秀丽的罗劳村。海顿是世界音乐史上影响巨大的重要作曲家。他是维也纳古典乐派

的第一位代表人物,一位颇具创造精神的作曲家。

海顿的音乐幽默、明快,含有宗教式的超脱,他将奏鸣曲式从钢琴发展到弦乐重奏上,他是器乐主调的创始人,将传统对位法

的独立声部完全同化了,将主题发展自行展开。后期他访问英国,接受牛津大学授予的音乐博士头衔,受到了韩德尔的影响,也受莫扎特的影响,产生旋律

优美的抒情色彩,出现类似巴洛克

的风格。他用弦乐四重奏代替钢琴,用管弦乐代替管风琴

,创造了两种新型的和声演奏形式。

海顿同莫扎特

和贝多芬三人为维也纳古典乐派

的杰出代表。

 

The Soviet War Memorial (Tiergarten) is one of several war memorials in Berlin, capital city of Germany, erected by the Soviet Union to commemorate its war dead, particularly the 80,000 soldiers of the Soviet Armed Forces who died during the Battle of Berlin in April and May 1945.

WWII就是1939年从Stalin USSR与Adolf Hitler瓜分Poland开始的。二战结束后,当年侵略者打扮成受害者的样子。History is a little girl who lets people dress up :-( 

波兰战役,是第二次世界大战欧洲战区的起点。波兰战役是德国、斯洛伐克与苏联军队在1939年9月入侵波兰的行动,战役被认为是第二次世界大战的开始。在《德苏互不侵犯条约》签署了一星期后,德国1939年9月1日展开进攻,而苏联9月17日入侵波兰,10月6日,德苏两国占领波兰全国领土,波兰战役结束。

苏联方面,其吞并的波兰领土被瓜分至白俄罗斯苏维埃社会主义共和国、乌克兰苏维埃社会主义共和国和立陶宛苏维埃社会主义共和国(1940年苏联吞并波罗的海三国后)中,并施行"俄罗斯化"政策,将大量波兰知识份子、军官、地主等社会精英予以屠杀(最为著名者即是"卡廷森林屠杀案"),并把大量平民送至古拉格劳改营。根据波兰民族纪念研究所的资料,在1939年至1941年苏联占领期间共有150,000波兰人死亡、320,000名波兰公民遭到驱逐。战争全期,共有全国六分之一(600万人)的波兰人死于德国或苏联的占领政策下,为二战各国伤亡人数比例中最高者(见第二次世界大战各国伤亡统计)。

 

 钟楼

 

 

 

Otto Eduard Leopold, Prince of Bismarck, Duke of Lauenburg (1 April 1815 – 30 July 1898)was a conservative Prussian statesman who dominated German and European affairs from the 1860s until 1890 and was the first Chancellor of the German Empire between 1871 and 1890.

 奥托·爱德华·利奥波德·冯·俾斯麦(Otto Eduard Leopold von Bismarck,1815年4月1日-1898年7月30日),劳恩堡公爵,普鲁士王国首相(1862年-1890年),德意志帝国首任宰相,人称“铁血宰相”、“德国的建筑师”及“德国的领航员”。俾斯麦是十九世纪德国最卓越的政治家,担任普鲁士首相期间通过一系列铁血战争统一德意志,并成为德意志帝国第一任宰相。他通过立法,建立了世界上最早的工人养老金、健康和医疗保险制度,及社会保险,最后获升任为德意志帝国陆军上将。1898年7月30日俾斯麦悄然离世,享寿83岁。

 

 The Victory Column (German: Siegess?ule, from Sieg ‘victory’ + S?ule ‘column’) is a monument in Berlin, Germany. Designed by Heinrich Strack after 1864 to commemorate the Prussian victory in the Danish-Prussian War, by the time it was inaugurated on 2 September 1873, Prussia had also defeated Austria and its German allies in the Austro-Prussian War (1866) and France in the Franco-Prussian War (1870–71), giving the statue a new purpose. Different from the original plans, these later victories in the so-called unification wars inspired the addition of the bronze sculpture of Victoria, 8.3 metres high and weighing 35 tonnes, designed by Friedrich Drake. Berliners have given the statue the nickname Goldelse, meaning something like "Golden Lizzy".

 胜利纪念柱(德语:Siegess?ule)是德国柏林的一座著名纪念性建筑,1864年为庆祝普鲁士在普丹战争中获胜而兴建,到1873年9月2日举行揭幕仪式时,普鲁士又在普奥战争(1866年)和普法战争 (1870–71)中击败了奥地利和法国,给予雕像新的含义。与原先规划不同,后来在所谓统一战争中的胜利,增加了维多利亚青铜雕塑,高8.3米,重35吨。

 

 

 

 

 

 从这个地下通道,连接马路对面,进入胜利之塔

 

D18:4-22 Monday April Berlin-Potsdam-Berlin

清晨到Berlin Hbf购买去Potsdam往返火车票,售票大妈问是否一起买市区公交票,便宜。共计eu7.7/p*2p=eu15.4。

去Potsdam的火车上,对面坐了一位年逾70-80的白女人,与我搭话where r u come from? v r from China, have u been China before? No, but I’ve been Taiwan, Taipei, v don’t like China她尴尬地笑了笑,她English说得有点慢,不太流畅。我们俩说的都不是母语。I understand it. V r communist, right? but v gent d road was guided by Karl Marx. he was a German right, haha我们同时笑了起来。V r different now,40 years ago, China began reform, go to market economy. When I went to d university, I can’t imagine someday I can go around the world for tour & have my own apartment for living, things going better时间过得很快,10分钟,老太婆起身下车了。她走到车下,我从双层列车的上层看下去,她特意抬起头向车上在张望,我挥了挥手,她看见我所在的窗口,她也抬起手,一头金发的她,慈祥地向我微笑。这就是自由行的意义,不是吗?

Potsdam Hbf

波茨坦和柏林的宫殿和庭院Palace and Parks of Potstam and Berlin,建于普鲁士弗雷德里希二世时。国王弗雷德里希亲自参与了宫殿的建筑,著名的孔雀岛就位于附近,《波茨坦协定》的签署地——采茨利霍夫宫也位于此地。波茨坦和柏林的宫殿和庭院先后于1990、1992、1999年作为文化遗产列入《世界遗产名录》

乘火车约30min到达Potsdam Hbf,9:40下火车。乘bus三站,下车,走向公园门口

周一也有人上church

白发人有时间,没地方打发

远处就是Brandenburger Gate

橱窗里的画像

小城生活很安逸

居民建筑非发展中国家可比

方石铺路,好看耐用,不便行走

10:15走到Brandenburge Gate

Brandenburger Gate

Potsdam is the capital and largest city of the German federal state of Brandenburg. It directly borders the German capital, Berlin, and is part of the Berlin/Brandenburg Metropolitan Region. It is situated on the River Havel 24 kilometres southwest of Berlin's city centre.

远处的教堂,是刚才下公交车的地方

世界遗产委员会描述:拥有500公顷的公园和150座1730年至1916年期间的建筑物,波兹坦宫殿和庭园共同构成了一个艺术整体,其折衷性强化了其独特性。遗址一直延伸到柏林-采伦多夫区(Berlin-Zehlendorf),其间的宫殿和庭园把哈弗尔河(River Havel)和格列尼克湖(Lake Glienicke)连接起来。位于桑图谢-苏西宫殿(Sans-Souci Palace)的伏尔泰宫是1745年至1747年期间弗雷德里克二世(Frederick II)在位期间修建的。

10:30无忧公园门口,里面有个青年,对我说了什么,没听懂。我问他,公园是否免费参观,他说yes

进园右手有座church of peace

The Protestant Church of Peace (German: Friedenskirche) is situated in the Marly Gardens on the Green Fence (Am Grünen Gitter) in the palace grounds of Sanssouci Park in Potsdam, Germany. The church was built according to the wishes and with the close involvement of the artistically gifted King Frederick William IV and designed by the court architect, Ludwig Persius. After Persius' death in 1845, the architect Friedrich August Stüler was charged with continuing his work. Building included work by Ferdinand von Arnim and Ludwig Ferdinand Hesse [de] also. The church is located in the area covered by the UNESCO World Heritage Site Palaces and Parks of Potsdam and Berlin.

教堂里面有唱诗班的歌声

Sanssouci Park无忧公园真的很大,东西长达2km,南北宽0.5-1km。整个公园的屋外部份都是免费的。只有建筑物里面要收费参观。这与国内的情况完全不同。WC收费eu0.5每人次。

11:00离开church of peace

在弗里德里希二世时期,波茨坦进入其兴盛期,它成为普鲁士事实上的首都。普鲁士国王弗里德里希二世热衷于艺术与文学,他促成了无忧宫庭园和宫殿的发展。7年战争(1756-1763)之后,他建造了包括新宫殿在内的许多建筑。19世纪,弗里德里希·威廉四世在无忧宫庭园内增建了7座建筑和庭园。其他的庭园和公园整体因此也增加了空间。无忧宫,整个王宫及园林面积为90公顷,因建于一个沙丘上,故又称“沙丘上的宫殿”。

海神庙

庙里的墙壁是用贝壳装饰滴

Sanssouci was the summer palace of Frederick the Great, King of Prussia, in Potsdam, near Berlin. It is often counted among the German rivals of Versailles. While Sanssouci is in the more intimate Rococo style and is far smaller than its French Baroque counterpart, it too is notable for the numerous temples and follies in the park. The palace was designed/built by Georg Wenzeslaus von Knobelsdorff between 1745 and 1747 to fulfill King Frederick's need for a private residence where he could relax away from the pomp and ceremony of the Berlin court. The palace's name emphasises this; it is a French phrase (sans souci), which translates as "without concerns", meaning "without worries" or "carefree", symbolising that the palace was a place for relaxation rather than a seat of power. The name in past times reflected a play on words, with the insertion of a comma visible between the words Sans and Souci, viz. Sans, Souci

喷水池一圈有12座雕塑

网摘:宫殿正殿中部为半圆球形顶,两翼为长条锥脊建筑。殿正中为圆厅。瑰丽的首相厅,天花板上装潢富有想象力,四壁镶金,光彩夺目。室内多用壁画和明镜装饰,辉煌璀璨。宫殿前有平行的弓形6级台阶,两侧和周围由翠绿丛林烘托。宫殿前有喷泉,正对着大殿门廊。此喷泉采用圆形花瓣石雕,四周有“火”、“水”、“土”、“气”4个圆形花坛陪衬,花坛内塑有神像,尤以维纳斯像和水星神像造型精美,形象生动。据说整个宫内有1000多座以希腊神话人物为题材的石刻雕像。宫殿东侧还有珍藏124幅名画的画廊,这些绘画多为文艺复兴时期意大利、荷兰画家的名作。画廊宽敞明亮,每逢佳节,这里都举办音乐会。

网摘:无忧宫是18世纪德国建筑艺术的精华

12:00,在柱廊处的长椅上休息,吃了自带的午餐,休息到13:00离开

13:00风车并没有转动,只是个摆设吧

13:10,Orangery Palace 橘园

The Orangery Palace (German: Orangerieschloss) is a palace located in the Sanssouci Park of Potsdam, Germany. also known as the New Orangery on the Klausberg, or just the Orangery. It was built on behest of the "Romantic on the Throne", King Friedrich Wilhelm IV (Frederick William IV of Prussia) from 1851 to 1864.

公园大,人流分散,密度不大

14:10走到新宫New Palace

雕塑真得很多,有些很美,也有面目可憎滴:-)

14:50离开New Palace

园里最后一个景点,没什么看头。离开无忧园15:10。乘车前向Cecilienhof Palace

Cecilienhof Palace (German: Schloss Cecilienhof) is a palace in Potsdam, Brandenburg, Germany built from 1914 to 1917 in the layout of an English Tudor manor house. Cecilienhof was the last palace built by the House of Hohenzollern that ruled the Kingdom of Prussia and the German Empire until the end of World War I. It is famous for having been the location of the Potsdam Conference in 1945, in which the leaders of the Soviet Union, the United Kingdom and the United States made important decisions affecting the shape of post World War II Europe and Asia. Cecilienhof has been part of the Palaces and Parks of Potsdam and Berlin UNESCO World Heritage Site since 1990.

依然是,花园不收票,屋内要买票

 1945年8月2日,波茨坦会议结束,苏、美、英三国领导人签订了有关处理战后德国原则的《波茨坦协定》。 苏、美、英三国首脑斯大林、杜鲁门和丘吉尔出席波茨坦会议。

三巨头相聚,实际没有罗斯福

湖边有个酒吧,很多人在排队购买食品饮料

16:20结束Potsdam全天的行程,返程

D19:4-23 Wednesday April, Berlin Museum Island

经Deutsch同学提示,Berlin的Pergamon博物馆不容错过,它将波斯的古代建筑整个搬来。于是,安排一天上博物馆岛,参观游览

10:00走过上面这座桥,进入Museum Island。岛上共有5座博物馆

外面的雕塑

人与狮子搏斗

Pergamon Museum的正门正在维修,脚手架包围着,无法拍照

还没有发明马蹬

广场上的队是Neues Museum的购票队,前面建筑物里面的队伍是Pergamon Museum的队伍。排队等候了

排了40分钟的队伍,才买到了门票。单看一个馆是eu9/p,5个馆的套票是eu

从参观示意图上看,只开放了1/3的区域,2/3的区域不能参观

售票大厅,10:40购票

The Pergamon Museum is situated on the Museum Island in Berlin. The building was designed by Alfred Messel and Ludwig Hoffmann and was constructed over a period of twenty years, from 1910 to 1930. The Pergamon Museum houses monumental buildings such as the Pergamon Altar, the Ishtar Gate of Babylon, the Market Gate of Miletus reconstructed from the ruins found in Anatolia, as well as the Mshatta Facade.

Pergamon, Pergamos or Pergamum, was a rich and powerful ancient Greek city in Aeolis. It is located 26 kilometres from the modern coastline of the Aegean Sea on a promontory on the north side of the river Caicus and northwest of the modern city of Bergama, Turkey.

5个博物馆的入口处,都有解说器可以领取,费用包含在门票里了。但只有Pergamon有中文解说,其它4个馆只能听English。所有Pergamon参观用时最长,大约2:20h,所有的带中文解说的作品都听完了

原古建筑模型,现在展览区的装饰瓷砖就是从原建筑上揭下来的

Founding of the Museum:In the early nineteenth century King Frederick William III forged plans for a public museum in Berlin. When many of Germany's treasures were recovered from France after Napoleon's defeat in 1815, his plans received the support of the public and soon designs were drawn up for a royal museum to house all the artwork.

A plot just north of a beautiful pleasure garden, created in the seventeenth century by princess Louise, was selected as the location for what would become the first museum in the city.

Construction and reconstruction:The design for the museum was devised by Berlin's great architect Karl Friedrich Schinkel. Built between 1825 and 1830 as the Royal Museum, it initially housed the royal art collection. The museum was situated across the garden from the Royal Palace, which was demolished after the Second World War.

The museum, which adopted its current name 'Altes Museum' in 1845, was severely damaged during the war and in 1945 was almost completely destroyed when a tank truck that was parked in front of the building exploded. After the war, the Altes Museum was the first of the group museums on Museum Island to be renovated and it reopened in 1966.

这个护门神的原件现在London British Museum,此件是仿制的

砖雕

室内装饰

挂毯

个人喜欢大型古代石制品,有视觉震撼冲击效果。比较之前参观过的几个博物馆,London British Museum, Italy Roman Vatican Museum是最爱,次之是New York Metropolitan Museum of Art,主要是因为大都会博物馆藏的古代大型石制品较小。所谓世界四大博物馆的另外二个:Russia Saint Petersburg Hermitage Museum, France Paris Louvre Museum还没去过。故宫博物馆里展出的展品,与国外的展品最大的视觉区别,就是没有大型的古代石制作品,都是小家碧玉式的,也不具有世界性,除了一些外国赠送的钟表,没有埃及、波斯的古董。北京的国家博物馆更是乏善可陈了。

12:50结束Pergamon参观。出来时看到门口排队买票的队伍有80米长了,早上10:00时的队伍大概20米长。这时进馆按早晨等待的时间计算40mim x4=160分钟,3个小时才能进馆。13:10,进入Neues Museum新博物馆

Neues Museum

The Neues Museum is a museum in Berlin, Germany, located to the north of the Altes Museum on Museum Island. It was built between 1843 and 1855 according to plans by Friedrich August Stüler, a student of Karl Friedrich Schinkel. The museum was closed at the beginning of World War II in 1939, and was heavily damaged during the bombing of Berlin. The rebuilding was overseen by the English architect David Chipperfield. The museum officially reopened in October 2009 and received a 2010 RIBA European Award and the 2011 European Union Prize for Contemporary Architecture.

展出的是来自埃及的文物和民俗收藏,

该馆的藏品较Pergamon次之,主要是没有大型石制品,比如整个庙宇

埃及人的雕塑水平,不可同日而语

柏林著名的博物馆岛是吸引游客的一大景点:岛上共有5座博物馆,包括贝加蒙博物馆、老国家艺术画廊、老博物馆和波德博物馆。2009年到此参观的游客3百万。

14:20结束新馆参观。这个馆没有中文解说,看得就粗糙了,用时1:10h,另外还有3个馆要看,时间仓促。14:30进入The Alte Nationalgalerie (Old National Gallery)

The Alte Nationalgalerie (Old National Gallery) in Berlin is an art gallery showing a collection of Neoclassical, Romantic, Biedermeier, Impressionist and early Modernist artwork, part of the Berlin National Gallery, which in turn is part of the Staatliche Museen zu Berlin. It is the original building of the National Gallery, whose holdings are now housed in several additional buildings. It is situated on Museum Island, a UNESCO-designated World Heritage Site.

老国家艺术画廊属画廊正面及侧面于新古典主义建筑,被认为是19世纪最重要的博物馆建筑之一[2] 。二战期间遭受严重破坏,经过维修之后,外观基本维持原状。从正面看上去,画廊如同一座雄踞高台之上的希腊神庙,外形庄严。馆舍共三层,基座部分一层,神庙部分两层,第三层从立面上无从分辨。神庙部分的正立面和侧面采用古希腊的前柱式平面而加以变化:即在正面入口处设置独立于墙面之外的柱廊;两侧设置一半嵌入墙面另一半外露的壁柱。

这馆里没有中东的古代石雕作品了

结束画廊参观,用时0:30h。15:00前往Altes Museum旧博物馆

16:00结束参观,耗时0:40h。

旧博物馆旁边是Berlin Dom。网摘:柏林大教堂(Berliner Dom)建造于1894年~1905年,位于德国柏林市博物馆岛东端,菩提树大街上(Am Lustgarten 10178 Berlin (Mitte) ),是威廉二世皇帝时期建造的文艺复兴时期风格的新教教堂,也是霍亨索伦王朝的纪念碑。很多王室成员都长眠于此

教堂里面需要购票参观

教堂前面的喷水广场

前往最后一个博物馆:Bode Museum 

今天我们参观时间里,各博物馆里的人流不多。这样级别场馆的参观人员密度,在国内是不可期待的

17:00结束参观,用时0:40h。从10:00-17:00,5个馆整个用时7:00h。再好吃的蛋糕,当你吃到第5块时,也没有胃口了。

D20:4-24 Wednesday April, Berlin eastside wall +shopping

居民楼,同样,没有人封阳台,也没有防盗网

由于google地图误导,先去的城市北面,以为有柏林墙涂鸦。耽误了时间

来到柏林墙画廊时,已经11:50了

Berlin Wall, painted on the western side. People crossing the so-called "death strip" on the eastern side were at risk of being shot.

The fall of the Berlin Wall on 9 November 1989. On 3 October 1990, the German reunification process was formally finished.

导游手册上讲,画廊长度有6km。实际只看了100m,再向前看,没有涂鸦了,也没再继续向前走

没有找到上面这张经典二个老男人舌吻的涂鸦。左边应该是苏联的勃列日涅夫,右边应该是东德的领袖,不知何名

购物区

D21:4-25 Thursday April, Berlin-Moscow终于可以回家了

#41        Deutsch联邦,Bier与香肠。Berlin Bremen,旗帜黑红黄。Koln Leipzig,雄鹰展翅膀。Haydn谱国歌,矢车菊向阳。仙鹳天使派,琥珀泛萤光。金发碧眼绿,白皮腿修长。七成基督徒,三分无神仰。Rhein Donau河,Alps望。总理Merkel,十四年坐庄。Goethe继Heine,Shiller欢乐长。Bach Beethoven,古典音绕梁。Karl Marx,幽灵走东方。Bnez和宝马,Siemens难忘。DHL快递,Adidas三叶香。赛车屡夺冠,FIFA四闪亮。三周走马过,挥手回故乡。

乘城轨从Berlin Hbf至Berlin SXF airport 

机场年头长了,面积很小,不如北京T2

14:15俄航关门时间

航班显示屏有中文显示,不记得在其它欧美国家的机场显示屏是否有中文显示了。

机场很漂亮,设施新

排队登机

21:20俄航关门时间,飞行6:25h,逆地球转动方向,由西向东飞行,比来时缩短了1.5h。

D22:4-26 北京,9:10落地

11:00被堵在首堵机场高速路上,一动不动,停了大概0:15h。当天一带一路n国领导人在京开会。

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